Last weekend I finally got around to dual-booting FreeBSD 12.1 on my home tower. It’d been on the 11.x branch for a long time, and I used the opportunity to start fresh. It was originally built as a budget game machine for world-building, so it has a Skylake i5 and a Nvidia GTX 970.
It was quicker to get a FreeBSD Nvidia desktop going than I expected, but there were still a couple of gotchas.
The first thing I always do is create a
zfs dataset for the ports system, so I can use snapshots to try new software, or troubleshoot updates. You’ll probably also want the
latest packages over
quarterly for desktop use.
# zfs create zroot/usr/local # mkdir -p /usr/local/var/db/pkg # ln -s /var/db/pkg /usr/local/var/db/pkg # mkdir -p /usr/local/etc/pkg/repos # cp /etc/pkg/FreeBSD.conf /usr/local/etc/pkg/repos/FreeBSD.conf # sed -i '' 's/quarterly/latest/g' /usr/local/etc/pkg/repos/FreeBSD.conf # pkg bootstrap -y # pkg update
These are the drivers and basics for a desktop you need:
# pkg install nvidia-drivers nvidia-settings dbus xorg # sysrc dbus_enable=YES # sysrc kld_list="nvidia-modeset linux"
/usr/local/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/nvidia-driver.conf to tell Xorg to use the nvidia driver rather than a fallback:
Section "Device" Identifier "NVIDIA Card" VendorName "NVIDIA Corporation" Driver "nvidia" EndSection
Then reboot to make sure everything comes up cleanly.
Aside: Not using kld_load?
Note that I used
kld_list in my
/etc/rc.conf above. Most guides suggest you do this instead:
# sysrc kld_load="nvidia-modeset" # echo 'linux_enable="YES"' >> /boot/loader.conf
This no longer automatically loaded it for me in FreeBSD 12.1, as keleathi has also noticed on the FreeBSD forums. If someone knows why that might be the case, please feel free to tweet me. With both of those in place I still needed to manually load
nvidia-modeset after each boot:
# kldload nvidia-modeset ==> nvidia0: <Unknown> on vgapci0 ==> vgapci0: child nvidia0 requested pci_enable_io ==> vgapci0: child nvidia0 requested pci_enable_io
Install your desktop
# pkg install xfce xfce4-goodies xfce4-places-plugin $ echo ". /usr/local/etc/xdg/xfce4/xinitrc" > ~/.xinitrc $ ln -s ~/.xinitrc ~/.xsession $ startx